miércoles, 15 de mayo de 2013

An orange Around the World

Did you know where does it come from the name “orange” and other curiosities of Valencia?

The name “orange” comes from the old Provencal auranja meaning "golden color-like", which results in Spanish naranja. The term would come from Indian languages like Sanskrit which contains the prefix naru/nari which in the sense of “fragrant”. Then golden-color and fragant-smell are the two most important qualities of this exotic fruit. In German, another name is "Chinish apple" (Apfelsinne). Oranges were known in the Middle Ages since they came from Persia and bitter- orange ornamented gardens and patios of Andalusian style. In the fifteenth century sailors brought the first sweet orange to Portugal and Spain around 1560. It came first from India to african lands as Mombasa (Kenya). Were they small varieties such as tangerine or mandarine?

                                        Orange production in the world, 2010
The truth is that in Valencia, specifically Carcaixent tradition exists according to which around 1781 the priest Vincent Monzo begun to dedicate dry-land to cultivate the first commercial orange fields. He had tasted first the oranges from the nearby closter of a Dominican sisters convent and liked the taste. That same year he asked the the pharmacist Jacinto Bodi to bring back some small Lemon Tress from Murcia in order to make a graft of tangerines on them., of neighboring Murcia feet of sweet orange grafted lemon. This day was to born the sweet big orange of an appreciable size. The notary of the town Carlos Maseres, join the venture, and create the conditions for exploitation in irrigated lands and the basis for export through the port of Denia, Gandia and Valencia to northern Europe, as well as by railroad since 1855.
The orange and the Mediterranean diet
The best known varieties begin in Seville and Valencia, with tangerine and clementine, follow with the Navel, Navelina and Sanguine crops and end by June in Valencia itself with the variety Late (or Navel-Late).
The most recognized variety because its flavor is the Navel orange. Its origin is worth a look back to History. The Spanish and Portuguese navigators from the sixteenth century carried the Orange to South America. Three centuries later, in 1820, in another monastery, this time in Brazil, there was a second mutation resulting in the "orange-navel", whose main feature was that at the base of the fruit, just to the other side of the peduncle , a small atrophied orange that resembles a navel appeared. The Brazilian monastery became a source of continuous cuttings because otherwise there was no genetic variation at the tree. Next was developed a new one, called "naveline" with a crust easy to peel and the aforementioned "navelate". 
                                                                                   Navel Orange

Carcaixent, Algemesí and Alzira, the river Xuquer Bank (“Ribera alta) offer top quality oranges of this kind.

With regard to its marketing should be mentioned that as well as in Andalucía some British families reamined after the war against Napoleon, as those names like “Osborne” and “Domec”. In Valencia the same happened with other families, some of Irish origin, as the “Trenor” one, who engaged in the export of this “golden fruit”, obtained large tracts of land and and ascended in social status getting wuch titles as “Marquis”. They finnally bought a well-known monastery of name “San Jerónimo de Cotalba”, protected in past times by the Borjas Family.
Orange also has been the subject of artistic designs around the world to show how nice and tasteful orange circles the world.

Small Orange-Snake

                                                        Orange designed by a Mexican artist

Finally at our tour around this region, we made a short stop at the “Huerto de Maseres” and -why not?- at an splendid lunch at the leisure area surrounding the Garden of Soriano. Is it not like an italian Tuscany in Valencia?

                  "Hort de Soriano"                                      "Hort de Masseres"

Overview on the "soriano" valley

Thousands of foreigners visit this land why don't you?

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario